The difference between CNRM and TNR

We would like to distinguish the difference between what we promote, ie. CNRM and what is sometimes done by certain rescuers, ie. TNR.

CNRM stands for C=Care, N=Neuter, R=Rehome or Return-to-Colony and M=Manage. In CNRM, we cannot over-emphasise how important the CARE component is. Caring begins right from the start in catching the animal in a humane manner, getting the animal neutered when the vet opines the animal is healthy enough to go through the surgery, looking after the animal post-op until full recovery, finding a suitable and loving home for the animal or if that is not possible, then returning the animal to the colony and continue caring for (managing) the animal for the rest of his/her life. Managing includes daily feeding, getting the animal vaccinated for protection against diseases, taking the animal to the vet when he/she is sick. In short, looking after the animal for the rest of his/her natural life.

CNRM involves all of the above and that is why we strongly suggest to practise One-Street CNRM so that one doesn’t burn out having to care for too many.

TNR refers to Trap-Neuter-Release. There is no M=Manage component in it. We know that some rescuers do this and some of the animals are even released in a different place and the rescuer does not keep track of the animal anymore after that.

We have been talking with some of our applicants and we came to know that some of them don’t keep track of their neutered animals (with funds aided by us) at all. We are getting answers like, “Don’t know, killed in accident, maybe?”, “Maybe ran away?”, “Maybe caught by council?”, “Maybe poisoned?”.  We totally understand that once released or returned-to-colony, the animal is subject to all kinds of dangers and we accept this, but it’s the nonchalant “don’t know” response that is very troubling.

We also don’t deny that neutering-and-releasing is better than not neutering at all. However, when it comes to using our organisation’s hard-earned donations, we expect a bit more from rescuers especially when we adopt pro-life values.

Please continue caring for these animals after they have been neutered. Please do your best to manage the colony.

We owe it to our donors and supporters to ensure that their donations will be used effectively and will not be wasted.

If any rescuer wishes to use their own money to do TNR, do go ahead but if you are using the funds of others, then there has to be more and higher accountability to care for the animals as our ultimate aim is to build a community that cares for street animals.

This also applies to those who act as an “agent” for neutering. They help other caregivers get the animals neutered but they do not look after the animals after that. Again, this is not wrong, but if you are only an “agent” for neutering, you also not practising CNRM, so please do consider using your own money for this.


With the above vision, we shall be implementing the project-based application and we will ask for more details from each application.

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